NATO Defence Planning Process

The aim of the NATO Defence Planning Process (NDPP) is to provide a framework within which national and Alliance defence planning activities can be harmonised to enable Allies to provide the required forces and capabilities in the most effective way. It should facilitate the timely identification, development and delivery of the necessary range of forces that are interoperable and adequately prepared, equipped, trained and supported, as well as the associated military and non-military capabilities, to undertake the Alliance’s full spectrum of missions.

  • Through the NDPP, NATO identifies the capabilities that it requires, and promotes their development and acquisition by Allies.
  • The NDPP provides a framework within which Allies harmonise their national defence plans with those of NATO, without compromising their national sovereignty.
  • The NDPP apportions requirements to each Ally as Capability Targets on the basis of a fair share of the overall requirement, facilitates their implementation and regularly assesses progress. 
  • Allies are committed to ensuring that their national development plans support the implementation of capabilities and especially those asked for by the NDPP.
  • As a consequence of Russia’s unprovoked war against Ukraine, there is a new sense of urgency. Allies have agreed to accelerate investments in defence and to reset NATO’s deterrence and defence in the longer term.
  • NATO defence planning encompasses 14 different planning domains, each of which is involved in capability development. The NDPP aims to provide a common framework that can minimise duplication and maximise coherence across the various planning domains.


From NATO Headquarters website. Source here.