The NATO Stability Policing Concept Development Conference aim is to contribute to the Alliance’s commitment to project stability, by enhancing its ability to conduct Stability Policing activities in response to current and future security challenges.
This conference and workshop, recently held in Bucharest, Romania, identified requirements and considerations for integration of a Stability Policing capability with other existing and or potential future capabilities.
The event was opened by the Romanian Minister of Internal Affairs, Carmen Daniela Dan, who highlighted the importance of the conference and the work being done by stating: "NATO Stability Policing Capability in Emerging Security Challenges project, promoted by NATO Allied Commander Transformation together with all the other partners, has a special connotation for the efforts of the Alliance in projecting stability."
Minister Dan went on addressing the ever changing geopolitical context: "combating threats such as terrorism and criminal activities, as well as setting the conditions for a stable governance, reconstruction and development are compulsory for the activity of specialized institutions. Therefore, the concept of stability operations and promoting the capabilities of gendarmerie type forces is highly necessary for managing police missions within NATO."
As stated in the 2016 Warsaw Summit Declaration, the allies "seek to contribute more to the efforts of the international community in projecting stability and strengthening security outside our territory, thereby contributing to Alliance security overall." In order to meet this mission, NATO needs to develop an expeditionary stability policing capability.
Stability policing activities aim to establish a Safe and Secure Environment, restore Public Order and Security, counter Irregular Activities, such as terrorism and criminal activities, and establish the conditions for stable governance and development, through the provision of military forces with a special capability of civil policing. By supporting the re-establishment and maintenance of security to local populations, Stability Policing also contributes to the re-establishment of law and order, to the reinforcement of security institutions and to the re-building of these institutions, not only from a training perspective, but also from an ethics perspective, supporting the development of institution accountability.
Stability Policing can encompass the temporary replacement or reinforcement of indigenous police forces and can be conducted throughout all phases of a conflict, defusing the causes of a conflict during a war and in a post-warfare environment. Thus, stability policing activities can support the prevention of crisis escalation into a major engagement or the re-ignition of combat activities after the conflict.
A combination of military and non-military actors can be engaged to achieve these goals. Stability Policing is not a solely military matter but it is part of a comprehensive approach to crisis management. The assumption is that in order for NATO to project stability it needs to rely on more than just purely military capabilities. The civil-military character of Stability Policing and the unique expertise, experiences, and capabilities provided by gendarmerie-type forces, military police forces or any military force with tailored training, amongst many Alliance nations are key enablers to project stability, but there is a need to explore if more is needed beyond existing capabilities.
The Conference and workshop aims at stimulating expert discussion on Stability Policing to begin work on the NATO Stability Policing concept, in order to develop capabilities supporting the implementation of the Projecting Stability aspirations from the 2016 Warsaw Summit Declaration.