Tuesday, May 24, 2016
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Resolutions & References

ACT Office of the Gender Advisor

  • <b>Consider Women and Men When Planning a Meeting</b>. You must consider how to advertise the meeting. Will you place posters in the market or in other places where women will go? Will you hold the meeting at night when most women cannot attend? Meetings should be organised when both men and women are available.
  • <b>Increase Efforts to Expand the Role of Women.</b> The number of women leading UN peacekeeping, political and peace-building missions in 2011 went up from 6 to 33 missions.
  • <b>Consult Women On The Construction of Schools.</b> Women in Afghanistan highlighted the importance of building walls around a school facility explaining that the privacy the walls provided would enable girls to attend the school.
  • <b>Ask Women What They Want And Need.</b> The international community decided to put running water in the houses so that the women did not have to walk to the well. Women in Afghanistan do not want this, as going to the well is sometimes their only opportunity to meet and socialize with other women and find out what is happening in the village and the surrounding area.
  • <b>Supplies Should Not Be One-Size-Fits-All.</b> Guarantee a supply of equipment, such as uniforms, towels and body armour, in sizes and shapes that fit both men and women.
  • <b>Appeal Recruitment Campaigns To Both Men And Women.</b> Many recruitment campaigns do not necessarily appeal to women as they tend to emphasise masculine values. The Ministry of Defence of Norway consulted marketing agencies that led to the Armed Forces changing its public image. A new advertisement reads <i>It is not about how many kilos you can carry: it is about how smart you are</i>.
  • <b>Increase Women's Participation in Decision-Making Processes.</b> The Gender Affairs Unit of the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor facilitated an incredible increase of women's participation in decision-making from the local to the national level. The Unit offered training workshops for potential women candidates in elections and provided training for civil police to integrate gender into their work.
  • <b>Use Women In Operations.</b> A Female Engagement Team (FET) member established excellent rapport with a farmer in during repeated visits to his farm. The farmer was thrilled to talk to someone who shared his enthusiasm for his crop. As they continued talking, the man revealed that he had information about the Taliban and security threats in the area.
  • <b>Consider Needs of Both Men And Women In Development Projects.</b> Integrating gender perspective applies also when building something as simple as a bridge. The bridge needs to accommodate cars being driven by men but also women and children who will be walking on the bridge.
  • <b>Take Women Into Account.</b> The Dutch Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) in Uruzgan made plans to build an orchard in a central location within the community. When Civil Affairs personnel learned from that the women could not leave their children at home unattended to travel to the central location, they changed their approach and instead allocated trees to individual families.
  • <b>Consider The View Of Both Men And Women.</b> When planning demining operations, local women were included in discussions to determine areas for demining. Demining teams also took into account that women's literacy rates were often lower than men's, so the teams added pictures to warning signs for dangerous areas.
  • <b>Accommodate Women.</b> During registration for the armed forces in Liberia, women trying to sign-up were elbowed out of the queue and discouraged from joining. The officer in charge came up with a simple solution: he made two queues (one for women and one for men).
  • <b>Ask For the Perspective Of Men And Women When Obtaining information.</b> For a flourishing crime structure, a man might blame a group of young criminals and ask for better trained police officers. A woman might blame a lack of jobs and schools and ask for education courses and community centres.
  • <b>Listen To What Men and Women Have To Say.</b> It was brought to the attention of KFOR that in the multi-ethnic neighbourhood of North Mitrovica, Kosovo, a particular group felt unsafe due to stone throwing. It was principally the women who requested that KFOR show a stronger presence and asked for night time patrols.
  • <b>Support Peace Initiatives.</b> Women were instrumental 'brokers' of peace during the crises on Bougainville Island and in Fiji. They still play a vital role in peace building. International workers support the advocacy of the women's organisations, and these organizations advise and inform security policy makers and the general public on issues related to gender and security.
  • <b>Provide Separate Facilities For Men And Women.</b> In Afghanistan, the lack of female interpreters made it very difficult to communicate effectively with Afghan women, ensuring that their full needs and views were taken into account. One of the demands made by most female Afghan interpreters was separate accommodation and toilets/bathrooms for men and women.
  • <b>Consider Needs of Both Men and Women When Patrolling.</b> It was discovered that along their typical routes, the patrol only came across men. They realised that by changing their routes, including venturing into smaller, less busy streets, the patrols would be exposed to the wider population, including women.
  • <b>Take Special Measures to Protect Women from Gender-Based Violence.</b> UN peacekeepers deployed to the Democratic Republic of Congo organized a series of community dialogues. The peacekeepers learned about the times and places where women were more vulnerable to sexual violence. They then created patrols at specific days/times to ensure safer passage for women.
  • <b>Protect Women and Girls from Gender-Based Violence.</b> In one instance, desks were created in camps and staffed with women trained to take and register incidents of violence. It is a good idea to consult with local women's groups on how to best address gender-based violence.
  • <b>Training Should Be Conducted By Both Men And Women.</b> UNSCR 1325 and gender perspective training should be given by both men and women to both men and women. A balanced diversity in gender-related training supports the overall goals of UNSCR 1325.
  • <b>Ensure Overlap Of Gender Advisors.</b> Strengthen communication between Gender Advisors once in-theatre as well as pre-deployment. For example, the Swedish Armed Forces require a two-week overlap of Gender Advisors to ensure consistency of activities.
  • <b>Collect Sex-disaggregated Data.</b> This includes material that identify men's and women's patterns of mobility, divisions of labour, political standing, access to resources, participation in the conflict and risks of being targeted by violence. This information will allow a gender-aware analysis.

The primary responsibilities of the ACT Gender Advisor are:

  • Provide direct support to the Commander on implementing UNSCR 1325 and integrating gender perspective throughout HQ SACT and ACT;
  • Act as the coordination officer throughout ACT for implementing UNSCR 1325 and integrating gender perspective in the planning, conduct and evaluation of all ACT tasks, including an ACT Action Plan to advance UNSCR 1325 Issues and gender perspective;
  • Implement Bi-SC Directive 40-1 on "Integrating UNSCR 1325 and Gender Perspectives in the NATO Command Structure Including Measures for Protection During Armed Conflict" throughout ACT;
  • Oversee the development and implementation of gender-related training in NATO education and training programs;
  • Coordinate gender training policies, opportunities and requirements with NATO policy;
  • support the development and implementation of gender related events and incidents in NATO exercises conducted at JWC, JFTC and other NATO facilities, including embedding Gender Advisors and UNSCR 1325 and gender perspective issues within scenarios;
  • Proactively establish and maintain contacts with international and nongovernmental organizations working in the fields of gender in order to share and exchange information that advances gender perspective.


E&T Package References

Implementation in HQ SACT

two pronged approachHQ SACT’s Two-Pronged Approach:

  1. Implementing UNSCR 1325
    • UNSCR 1325 calls attention to the disproportionate impact that armed conflict has on women and children and recommends specific measures to remedy this.
  2. Integrating Gender Perspective
    • Gender refers to the social attributes and opportunities associated with being male and female. It goes beyond the sex of the person to include how relationships are socially constructed. Gender is heavily influenced by one’s culture.
    • Gender Perspective is integrated when issues are examined from the point of view of both men and women to identify differences in needs and priorities, as well as in abilities and potential.

HQ SACT Gender Perspective Recommendations: Our Roadmap

  1. Inclusion in curriculum at NATO Education and Training Facilities, COE’s and NATO and Partner Countries National Military Education and Training Institutions and Partner Training Centre
  2. Gender Awareness ADL module as standard pre-deployment training
  3. ADL course for personnel working in the field of Gender to support operations
  4. Inclusion in curriculum for civilian pre-deployment training in Vyskov, Czech Republic
  5. Completed accreditation process for existing training courses in the field of gender.
  6. A SACT-approved “Roadmap on Implementing UNSCR 1325 and Integrating Gender Perspective”
  7. Gender Advisor post within the revised PE 2012 structure
  8. Integration of gender perspective in HQ SACT work on the Comprehensive Approach.
  9. Electronic repository for gender-related issues , specifically AARs and Best Practices from ops
  10. Evaluation of establishing a Gender Awareness Centre of Excellence (CoE).
  11. Unclassified website on gender-related activities fully accessible to all
  12. Increased awareness of UNSCR 1325 and gender-related issues throughout ACT
  13. Increased gender perspective (specifically women's representation) within NATO and in decision making bodies at all levels of the planning process.